300W PCFC Fuel Cell System
Award last edited on: 9/9/2023

Sponsored Program
Awarding Agency
DOD : Army
Total Award Amount
Award Phase
Solicitation Topic Code
Principal Investigator
Thomas Westrich

Company Information

Adaptive Energy LLC (AKA: Adaptive Materials Inc)

5500 South State Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
   (734) 302-7632

Research Institution

Colorado School of Mines

Phase I

Contract Number: W911NF-21-P-0028
Start Date: 12/30/2020    Completed: 6/29/2021
Phase I year
Phase I Amount
Adaptive Energy (AE) is a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) development and manufacturing company focused on providing reliable, robust, and cost-effective SOFC products at the 100-350W power output range. AE proposes leveraging this world-leading military-grade tubular ceramic fuel cell technology with recent protonic-ceramic fuel-cell (PCFC) materials and manufacturing advances from the Colorado School of Mines to create a portable, propane-powered, intermediate-temperature, 300We+ fuel-cell stack for remote-power soldier applications.

Phase II

Contract Number: W911NF-22-C-0017
Start Date: 6/1/2022    Completed: 5/31/2024
Phase II year
Phase II Amount
AE proposes to use this Phase II effort to produce two 300W+ TRL6-7 PCFC Fuel Cell Systems for testing and evaluation by the US Army. Critical to achieving this delivery is the optimization of PCFC performance and the high production rate of PCFC cells through AE’s unique thermoplastic extrusion manufacturing process. Given the breadth of knowledge gained in the Phase I work, the AE/CSM team are confident in the ability to meet metrics, and therefore meet delivery objectives. An additional benefit to this Phase II work is the advancement of PCFC technology and manufacturing methods, which may enable future development activities, such as intermediate temperature PCFC operation and materials selection. This proposed work is intended to both continue and expand on the developments in the Phase I STTR work. Of particular interest in this Phase II proposal is the successful pilot scale production maturity of CSM’s PCFC technology. The production rates enabled by pilot scale manufacturing are required for large subsequent Phase II PCFC stack and system testing. In parallel, CSM and AE will focus on optimization of PCFC performance. Success is determined by both qualified production metrics (rate of production and yield of production) as well as minimum acceptable PCFC performance metrics (surface power density using partial oxidation of propane reformate as a fuel) to meet target power system mass and volume goals. To meet this goal, the Phase II development will have three main Objectives: PCFC Optimization, Pilot Manufacturing, and System Testing & Delivery. These objectives are described in detail in the following sections.