Surface Composite Tracker Component
Award last edited on: 9/24/2014

Sponsored Program
Awarding Agency
DOD : Navy
Total Award Amount
Award Phase
Solicitation Topic Code
Principal Investigator
William Farrell

Company Information

Lakota Technical Solutions Inc

9755 Patuxent Woods Drive Suite 270
Columbia, MD 21046
   (301) 725-1700
Location: Single
Congr. District: 03
County: Howard

Phase I

Contract Number: N00024-14-P-4532
Start Date: 7/9/2014    Completed: 1/5/2015
Phase I year
Phase I Amount
Near-shore, littoral surface tracking is challenging due to the dynamic and inhomogeneous sea surface clutter as well as a diverse and dense target environment that leads to incomplete, non-contiguous, intermittent, and degraded tracking ability of any single sensor. Composite tracking provides a way to achieve a more continuous, complete, and unambiguous track picture utilizing data from multiple sensors. Lakota proposes to develop a composite tracker, the Adaptive Multi-frame Parameterized Tracker (AMPT), which is innovative in its ability to adapt to a wide range of ocean environments, target densities, and target types. AMPT provides a novel solution by uniquely combining the following algorithmic techniques: Multi-Frame Data Association (MFA), Sequential Probability Ratio Testing (SPRT), Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) state estimator, Covariance Intersection (CI), and Maximum Likelihood Activity Estimation (MLAE). The MFA algorithm employs a maximum time-depth sliding window of data from each sensor source to associate its data with the composite track picture. Each sensor"s cost function considers the sensor"s statistical characteristics (contact vs. track) and estimates of the local clutter/track density to dynamically select and integrate information from different sensors into the composite track picture. The SPRT is a modified version of a Neyman-Pearson hypothesis testing procedure for track confirmation/initiation that uses adaptive test thresholds and an additional penalty term inspired by the Minimum Description Length (MDL) principle for Information Encoding. To support a wide range of potential target dynamics, an IMM state estimator is employed with a unique combination of Kalman filters and Covariance Intersection filters. Finally, MLAE adaptively estimates local clutter/track densities for SPRT threshold selection and cost function calculations. AMPT will improve Situation Awareness (SA) within the maritime littoral environment by generating a surface track picture that is more complete, continuous, unambiguous, accurate, and precise than its contributing sensors.

Situational Awareness, Situational Awareness, Track Management, state estimation, Littoral Environment, Maritime Surveillance, Data Association, Composite Tracker

Phase II

Contract Number: ----------
Start Date: 00/00/00    Completed: 00/00/00
Phase II year
Phase II Amount