SBIR-STTR Award

Investigation of Ignition Delay: Novel beta-Substituted Ethylazide Derivatives as Potential New Liquid Propellant Fuels
Profile last edited on: 2/22/2007

Program
SBIR
Agency
AF
Total Award Amount
$98,227
Award Phase
1
Principal Investigator
Kent Richman
Activity Indicator

Company Information

American Pacific Corporation (AKA:AMPAC~Pacific Engineering & Production Co~PEPCON)

3770 Howard Hughes Parkway Suite 300
Las Vegas, NV 89109
   (702) 735-2200
   krichman@apfc.com
   www.apfc.com
Multiple Locations:   
Congressional District:   01
County:   Clark

Phase I

Phase I year
2005
Phase I Amount
$98,227
Few replacements for hydrazine-based propellants have been developed over the years. One potential candidate is 2-azido-N,N-dimethylethanamine (DMAZ). Unfortunately, DMAZ-IRFNA systems have exhibited ignition delays significantly longer than MMH-IRFNA systems. We are proposing the synthesis and testing of a novel -substituted ethylazide derivatives that will overcome the longer ignition delays of DMAZ-IRFNA systems while maintaining or even enhancing performance. Thermochemical calculations show a comparable Isp between our novel -substituted ethylazide derivatives and DMAZ or MMH, under equivalent operating conditions. Initial QSAR calculations indicate this material is significantly less toxic than hydrazine and its derivatives. These novel -substituted ethylazide derivatives can be prepared in a simple two-step process from readily available starting materials. By leveraging our current R&D efforts and building upon collaborations already in place, we propose, in the Phase I effort, to synthesize quantities of this new material sufficient to obtain useful energetic and ignition delay data. This data will make a significant contribution to the search for new efficient fuels, with low environmental hazards for future propulsion systems

Phase II

Phase II year
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Phase II Amount
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